In connection with animal husbandry and animal transport projects animal welfare issues play an important role. Therefore, the Federal Government has championed stricter animal welfare standards for foreign trade promotion within the OECD and the World Bank Group.
Where animal husbandry projects within the scope of application of the OECD-Common Approaches are concerned, the World Bank Operational Safeguard Policies and/or the Performance Standards on Environmental and Social Sustainability of the International Finance Corporation as well as the relevant Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) Guidelines (Poultry Production, Poultry Processing, Mammalian Livestock Production, etc.) of the World Bank Group apply. Besides, the IFC Good Practice Note on Animal Welfare in Livestock Operation (including the so-called Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare) is used as guidance for the assessment of animal welfare issues.
These days, the majority of German deliveries for livestock operations already meet EU standards. However, in connection with foreign trade promotion the Federal Government does not consider it appropriate to exclusively apply German/EU standards to livestock operations. If only Germany applied EU standards, suppliers from other countries would normally win the contracts and there would not be any positive effect on animal welfare.
Animal welfare issues, which play a role in the assessment of environmental, social and human rights issues, include, for example, the access to fresh water and feed, adequate housing, veterinary standards, the possibility to express normal behaviour and processes to avoid distress and fear, etc.
For transactions relating to animal husbandry to which the Common Approaches do not apply, a risk assessment of animal welfare issues is usually carried out.